Going to/will: To talk about future
Examples: a. I will go there. (Subject + will/going to + V1)
b.They are going to travel a lot this year.

Going to: Future events for which we have some evidence or they are based on something we feel.
Examples: a. I know it is going to rain. (Subject + going to + V1)
b. they are going to beat them.

Will: Future events, which we predict, based on our opinion or on our past personal experience.
Examples: a. The ground will be full of the students. (Subject + will + V1)
b. The party will enjoy a lot.

Going to/Present Continuous (V1 + ing form of verb): Intentions/decisions made sometime before they are reported.
Examples: a. He is the man who is going to give/is giving a party. (Subject + going to + V1/Present Continuous)
b. I was told that Mohan is going to book/is booking a hotel for Reena.

Will: For the decisions made or taken at the moment of the speaking
Examples: a. I will help them. (Subject + will+ V1 + Object if any)
b. I will handle it, you go and take rest.

Will/Going to: In the main clause when some negative result is being talked about in it.
Examples: a. If he writes like this he will/ is not going to take part in the essay competition. (Subject + will/going to + V1)
b. If we don’t pay any proper attention this time we will/ are going to lose our money again.

Will/another modal(may/should/may/etc.): In the main clause to describe a future event which follows another.(‘if’ used in the sentence would give the sense of ‘when’ )
Examples: a. If you see him you will/may know it. (if gives the sense of when)
b. If Rahul sits here he will/should know the fact.

Going to/will/present continuous: personal plans or predictions
E.g. a.) I think it will affect the whole of India. (Subject + will/going to + V1/ Present Continuous)
b.) I am just staying in to watch T.V tonight.
c.) I am going to pay them a visit.

Present simple: specific predictions/ future events of official arrangement
e.g.) a.) There is a full moon tonight. (Subject + V1)
b.) The plane arrives at 2’O clock.

Present continuous: is not used when
1.)The thing mentioned is not under our control/influence e.g.
The weather is going to change a lot. (Not the weather is changing a lot)
b.)It is going to rain.

2.) A permanent future situation
E.g. a.) People are going to/will lie in the future too.

3.) With the verb ‘to be’
E.g. a.) He is going to be a boy of values in his coming life. (He is being a boy of values in his coming life)

When both the main and th’ or ‘wh’ clauses are in the future we must use ‘simple present’ in ‘th’ or ‘wh’ clauses.

I am going to make sure that you are invited next time.
I will help you when the time comes.

When there comes simple present in the main clause we must use ‘will’ in the ‘th’ or ‘wh’ clauses (but when something is fixed arrangement in th’ or ‘wh’ clauses we can also use simple present )

I assure you that I will be present there.
He decides when he will meet you.
It is fortunate that they get their seats at the fixed time as mentioned on the invitation card.

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